08 June 2018

PSM presents the armoured infantry fighting vehicle PUMA S1 with enhanced capabilities

Paris. Projekt System & Management GmbH (PSM) presents the armoured infantry fighting vehicle PUMA S1 with enhanced capabilities at EUROSATORY 2018 (Stand D230).

PUMA is the newest main weapon system for German Armour Corps and is the next generation armoured infantry fighting vehicle setting new standards for protection, fire power and mobility in its class. 200 PUMAS have been so far delivered to the German Bundeswehr. The remaining of the 350 initially contracted PUMA will be delivered and introduced into service by 2020.

PUMA can operate in all mission scenarios and climate zones and is the most capable and modern system of its class. PUMA’s modular and unrivalled protection as well as impressive firepower ensures its superiority in its class including its ability to seamlessly operate in networked environments and mission scenarios.
The two recently approved key capability enhancement packages PUMA S1 and PUMA S2 combine a number of capability improvement measures. This approach ensures early availability for the German Bundeswehr in a cost-effective manner. The capability enhancement package PUMA S1 encompasses significant increases of the command and control, situational awareness, effect and further capabilities.

Command and Control New mission scenarios such as VJTF require modern high-performance communication systems to enable effective international and multinational operations. Satellite enabled radio systems such as the PRC117 and modern Software Defined Radios (SDR) will enable more effective communication during such joined operations. Due to its open architecture and modular design of the PUMA it was able to implement and qualify current radios from different manufacturers.

Upgrade of Situational Awareness (SA)
The Situational Awareness system upgrades include improvements of key sensors for the weapon optics and periscopes. The new sensors feature higher resolution and colour and enable identifying targets under all weather conditions and larger distances. Night vision rear cameras as well as front day/night vision camera systems supporting the driver are also included in the enhanced SA system.
The next scheduled improvement for the 360° SA system is fused image technology which will significantly enhance the day/night vision capability. This capability strengthens the approach of the armoured corps that the PUMA IFV and its crew members form one unit whether mounted or dismounted. Every crew member is actively involved in reconnaissance tasks when mounted.

An essential enhancement of the PUMA S1, is the successful qualification of the ATGM Spike Launcher which is fully integrated into the PUMA IFV and not only adapted to the platform. As a result of the full integration, the operation of the guided missile Spike LR is controlled by the existing controls. This avoids adding new controls and screens and enables easier operation by the commander and gunner. The successful qualification of the entire weapon system including the integrated ATGM Spike Launcher is based on high and stringent standards by the German Bundeswehr and was conducted over a two-year period. The launcher has two Spike LR missiles.
The PUMA S1 significantly enhances the capabilities of the current PUMA IFV series. The combination of several upgrade measures into two upgrade packages takes place in close collaboration between the user, procurement agency and industry. This approach ensures a fast and cost-effective implementation of the already delivered tanks of the 1st serial lot.

16.05. - 18.05.2018

Infantry Fighting Vehicle PUMA initially with MELLS

During the international defence exhibition IDEB the PUMA was initially presented to public with the additional weapon system Anti Armour/Multi-Purpose Missile System SPIKE (German MELLS).

Prague, 14th  November 2017

Czech-German cooperation in the field of defence industry
The biggest German arms producing companies organized the meeting in Prague with the aim to identify suitable Czech partners for future cooperation in the field of defence industry. The participation in production of the Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFV) PUMA could bring supplies of a unique technological know-how as well as a share of deliveries to other EU countries for decades. However, the participation of Czech industry does not concern only the IFV PUMA project but provides also the possibility of applying in a broader portfolio of weapon platforms used by the German Bundeswehr and arm forces of other countries. Let us mention, for example, Leopard-2 MBTs, PzH-2000 howitzers and many other most modern weapon systems of the European provenance.


There were more than 30 Czech and German companies participating in the industrial meeting at the Diplomat Prague Hotel in the framework of the German-Czech Defence Industry Day. The main objective of the meeting was to identify suitable partners and outline possible models of future cooperation.


"As well as the Czech Republic is the centre of the European automotive industry, it can become an industrial centre of the European defence industry in the foreseeable future. We appreciate very much the superior quality of Czech companies and we consider to move part of our production and development capabilities to the Czech Republic“ says Mathias Kraus, the PSM Head of Sales  and Marketing.


The PSM consortium is a joint venture of Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmetall Landsysteme concerns. They produce the PUMA IFV which is the part of the tender for rearmament of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic. The consortium is ready to engage significant Czech companies in the manufacturing of the PUMA IFV and to use their capacity not only for supplies for the Czech Armed Forces but also for the German Bundeswehr and armed forces of other EU/NATO countries. The cooperation also opens up the potential for the transfer of the most advanced technologies to the Czech Republic.




September 2017

Infantry Fighting Vehicle PUMA - a visitors magnet at NATO Days in Ostrava

During this year's NATO Days in Ostrava, the German Bundeswehr showed a range of their major land capabilities such as their main battle tank Leopard 2 and PUMA infantry fighting vehicle (IFV). This was the first opportunity for the Czech public to see the PUMA IFV live. After the successful comparison test with several competitors in June and July of this year, the PUMA is a favorite for the Czech procurement program. Therefore, the interest of the visitors was particularly high and tens of thousands took advantage to view the most modern IFV in the world from inside and outside and to get first-hand information from the German soldiers.

16th July 2017


PUMA AIFV impresses during practical trials in the Czech Republic


Vyskov/Libava. The PUMA AIFV demonstrated its superior capabilities over a six-week period during mobility, transportability and live firing trials in the Czech Republic. These rigorous trials form part of the procurement program by the Czech Republic for new armoured infantry fighting vehicles. The Czech Republic is planning to buy 210 vehicles in seven variants with the delivery of the first infantry fighting vehicles scheduled for 2020.


The PUMA AIFV is one of five selected vehicles and convinced in particular during the live firing trials compared to the other participating vehicles, which are Rheinmetall’s Lynx, two BAE CV90 and General Dynamic’s Ascod.


The vehicles were put through their paces during six weeks of static and dynamic trials demonstrating their respective mobility, wading and gap crossing capabilities. According to high ranking Czech participants at the VIP day the PUMA AIFV was judged as the vehicle with the highest firing accuracy compared to the other trial vehicles achieving 100% accuracy also during dynamic firing exercises.


Projekt System & Management GmbH (PSM) is responsible for the new mainstay of Germany’s mechanized infantry. In June 2015, the German Bundeswehr took formal delivery of this world’s most advanced AIFV. The first PUMA AIFV have been in service with mechanized elements of the German Army for over two years now. Training and fielding are in full swing. Until today, more than 135 systems have been delivered with the final delivery of all 350 vehicles scheduled for 2020.


The PUMA AIFV combines high strategic and tactical mobility with maximum crew protection and immense firepower, bringing these military imperatives into a state of equilibrium never achieved before. Thus, PUMA AIFV fulfils these often conflicting military demands in an unrivalled quality. Especially, the innovative approach to situational awareness and partnership between the entire crew and vehicle have convinced during the trials in the Czech Republic.


The PUMA AIFV is a fully tested, qualified and fielded system. PUMA AIFV is neither an upgrade of an old vehicle platform nor of a previous concept, but a completely new development with the aim of providing soldiers with the best vehicle for close combat operations in symmetric and asymmetric warfare.


The PUMA AIFV is the only the AIFV platform which surpasses the highest protection levels according to NATO standards. The protection system includes complete mine protection against the largest known anti-tank mines, 360 ° RPG protection and the self defence system against modern guided anti-tank missiles. Due to the extremely high protection level, the AIFV PUMA was also the heaviest vehicle during the trials in the Czech Republic. Nonetheless, the PUMA AIFV was still one of the fastest vehicles in off road terrain and can compete with any modern main battle tank because of its 1,100 hp engine and innovative decoupled running gear.


The excellent stabilized optronic-equipment with hunter killer capability in connection with the 30mm main weapon and programmable (airburst) ammunition leads to superior effect on the battlefield. The PUMA AIFV safely and effectively engages main battle tanks and other hard targets up to a distance of 4,000 m with the integrated ballistic protected SPIKE missile launcher.


Its network-enabled warfare capabilities (including the Future Soldier System and Battlefield Management System) make the PUMA AIFV a key element in any future operational scenario.


The PUMA AIFV was designed from the beginning with maximum growth potential in mind. Among other things, this is evident in the systematic use of open interfaces, enabling electronic connection of new systems in the future as well as integration of alternative protection modules in response to emerging threats.


The training resources for the PUMA AIFV are cutting edge too. For instance, by adding limited additional equipment, each individual vehicle system can be converted to a combat simulator which can be either used as an autonomous training platform or if linked at platoon level. Moreover, a globally deployable, containerized evaluation and control cell enables simultaneous training with up to four vehicles, preparing crews for a multitude of different combat scenarios.  


Measuring approximately nine cubic metres, the vehicle’s protected fighting compartment permits integration of various mission kits: to name but a few, PUMA AIFV-based reconnaissance, medevac and armoured recovery vehicles are all equally feasible.


The German Bundeswehr intends to order further PUMA AIFV in different variants.


The German PUMA AIFV industry has committed to cooperate in manufacturing and after sales services for PUMA AIFV for the Czech Army with Czech Companies. Electrical cables for the German PUMA AIFV are already been manufactured in the Czech Republic, as well as the sensors of the fire suppression and fire extinguishing system. Furthermore, the tracks for all PUMA AIFV could be manufactured in the Czech Republic in the near future. The German and Czech customers will both benefit from a joint production and the common use of the system in their armies. This cooperation could become the nucleus of a growing international user community for AIFV PUMA similar to the international user groups for MBT LEOPARD 2.



12th July 2017




Germany's Federal Office of Bundeswehr Equipment, Information Technology and In-Service Support (BAAINBw) has awarded Projekt System & Management (PSM) contracts worth EUR370 million to upgrade the German Army's new army infantry fighting vehicle PUMA. PSM is a 50/50 Joint Venture between Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmetall.


The Bundeswehr has signed contracts with PSM to upgrade the PUMA AIFV. The four contracts, signed on 12 July, will improve the protection, effectiveness, and performance of the AIFV PUMA, as well as training. The contracts cover the development of a new turret-independent secondary weapon system (TSWA) for the PUMA AIFV, installation of advanced visualisation and display technology, training and logistics for the MUSS self-protection system and 11 turret trainers, in addition to upgrading the existing one.


The first contract will bring the PUMA AIFV displays to today’s standards by upgrading the existing black and white to colour and more powerful displays. This upgrade improves the situational awareness of the commander and gunner significantly. The additional feature of an infrared rear light increases the night vision capability for the driver.


The second contract adds training and logistic packages for the already awarded self-protection system MUSS which protects the PUMA AIFV against anti-tank guided missiles.


The third contract significantly enhances the firepower and protection of the PUMA AIFV by adding a turret independent secondary weapon system. The TSWA is an unmanned weapon station located at the rear of the vehicle and is remotely controlled from within the vehicle’s crew compartment. This capability allows the crew to protect the AIFV PUMA from close range threats independently from the main weapon system which is particularly important in urban terrain. The TSWA uses lethal and non-lethal 40mm calibre munition up to a distance of 400 meters. The contract for the TSWA includes the test integration and production of three prototypes as well as maturing the TSWA for the series production. The TSWA will be integrated in the entire German PUMA AIFV fleet from 2023.


The fourth contract will provide additional eleven turret training systems to the Bundeswehr which allows the gunner and commander training to be conducted independently from the AIFV PUMA vehicles and at the relevant bases. These additional training systems also allow the maintenance personnel to train effectively and realistically. The training turrets are more cost effective, free up the vehicle systems for more important use and allows for a more flexible training plan. The delivery of the turret training units is scheduled from 2019 until 2023.


The PUMA AIFV is a product jointly developed by the European defence companies Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmetall. PSM is the Prime Contractor for the German PUMA AIFV including logistic support nationally and internationally.





31st May – 02nd June 2017




The AIFV PUMA was presented at the International Fair of Defence and Security Technology (IDET) at Brno in the Czech Republic at first time. Numerous  visitors could see the fully equipped vehicle, prepared for the following tests in the Czech Republic.





13th December 2016

German Army received 100th PUMA IFV

End of last year the German Army received its 100th PUMA Infantry Fighting Vehicle at the German Armour School in Munster. The vehicle was handed over by a representative of the manufacturer Projekt System & Management GmbH (PSM) at the 13th of December 2016 during a short ceremony.
Germany is looking forward to another 250 PUMA IFVs to be delivered until end of 2020. With respect to a changed European security assessment, there are thoughts to increase the overall number up to 500 vehicles.





13th – 17th June 2016

PUMA at Eurosatory

At this year's Eurosatory a series-production vehicle of the IFV PUMA was presented. At the last Eurosatory in 2014 was shown the sand-colored version, which absolved hot climate testing half a year before. The series-production vehicle number 71, shown this year, was delivered to the troops after the exhibition.

The AIFV PUMA is in service with the German Bundeswehr for more than a year. The 342 ordered weapon systems PUMA will be delivered to the Panzergrenadier troops till 2020.





09th October 2015


AIFV PUMA at Joint Demonstration Exercise Land Operations 2015


The Joint Demonstration Exercise Land Operations in Munster already exists since many years. In 2015 for the first time an AIFV PUMA participated in this exercise.


The PUMA demonstrated some aspects of its unrivaled capabilities, such as outstanding mobility and the fully stabilized automatic cannon to the military and civil guests.




24th June 2015


Hand-over ceremony of AIFV PUMA


Projekt System und Management GmbH together with Rheinmetall and Krauss-Maffei Wegmann formally handed over the Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle PUMA to the German Bundeswehr at 24th June 2015.


More than 150 guests of industry, politics and German armed forces could be demonstrated the extraordinary effectiveness of the weapon system PUMA at premises of Rheinmetall in Unterlüß.


Now that the Puma has entered active service with the German Army, the first step is an intensive train the trainer phase, as reported in news in April. This process is underway at a German Army training centre in Munster, and runs to the end of this year. The first “regular” training course for a mechanized infantry unit is going to start at the beginning of 2016.


The on-site services of the PUMA´s and of the relevant training equipment are provided by the industry since the beginning of this year. They work together hand in hand with the military maintenance personnel.





17th April 2015


Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle PUMA now in-service with the German Bundeswehr


The AIFV PUMA has achieved a major milestone by passing its final acceptance test. The German Defence Procurement Agency BAAINBw has granted AIFV PUMA the user certificate and the world leading capability will now be handed over to the German user.


The completely newly designed AIFV PUMA has undergone many stringent verification and qualification tests including several months of climate trials in extreme heat and extreme cold in UAE and Norway respectively.


A great number of requirements had to be met by the AIFV PUMA to achieve this important milestone of handing over the first vehicle systems to the German user, the highly regarded armoured corps, Panzergrenadiere. Continuous technical improvements have been made to the now series AIFV PUMA since the first prototype was supplied by industry. On 13 April 2015, the German Chief of Army has formally accepted the AIFV PUMA as the latest capability for his troops.


In the next few weeks, ‘train the trainer’ courses will commence for the first seven AIFV PUMA. This training will take place at the training facilities of the armoured Corps in Munster, Germany. The facility accommodates a specifically for the AIFV PUMA established in-service unit which will run a three month introductory training. This unit is also responsible for receiving the AIFV PUMA from industry, integrating Government furnished Equipment and the handover to the soldiers. Trained members of the German Armoured Corps will take ‘their’ AIFV PUMA to their bases once they have completed the three month training where they will continue their familiarisation training with this new capability. Further vehicle systems will follow into service in the next few months.


Through Life Support contracts have been signed between the Bundeswehr and PSM GmbH. These contracts will guarantee the ongoing technical support, service and maintenance as well as the supply of spare parts by the PUMA industry.




04th July 2014




The AIFV PUMA was displayed at Eurosatory in Paris Villepinte from 16th to 20th June this year.

Thank you for your visit at outdoor stand C220.





28th November 2013


Puma shines in heat and sand


The armoured infantry fighting vehicle (AIFV) PUMA successfully passed hot climate trials in September and October 2013 after successfully completing tactical and logistical trials earlier this year. Early November, both AIVF PUMA returned from the hot climate trials in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in good condition. Life firing and mobility exercises were the core competencies trialled during this two month long exercise.


The accuracy of the MK30-2ABM and MG4 was tested at day and night during stationary and mobile firing tests at the extensive firing range with modern infrastructure located in the North-West of the UAE. The AIVF PUMA performed the various firing tests successfully which were conducted by the German Centre of Excellence for Weapons and Ammunition at extreme temperatures ranging from 35 to nearly 50 degrees Celsius. The German User attended the comprehensive firing test program to witness themselves that the AIVF PUMA performed with utmost precision which it did.


All participants were equally impressed by the Puma’s air conditioning system which operated continuously, without failure and to the satisfaction of all participants under extremely hot conditions.


The multifunctional self-protection system MUSS was also tested during the hot climate trials and passed successfully too.


The AIVF PUMA underwent in further driving ranges in the North and Northeast of UAE several practical mobility trials including in difficult terrain such as massive sand dunes, steep gravel roads and slip rock areas within Wadis. The AIVF PUMA performed with great endurance and to the satisfaction of the User and official trial team.


The trials were conducted under the responsibility of the German Defence Procurement Agency (BAAINBw). The logistic support, transport and provision of infrastructure by the host UAE was exemplary. The organisational and in particular the technical support for the AIFV PUMA was provided by experienced industry representatives.




2nd  July 2013


Logistical and tactical qualification tests of AIFV PUMA


Planned activities for 2013 include:

  • logistical and tactical qualification tests in 2nd and 3rd quarter
  • hot climate trials in the United Arab Emirates in 3rd and 4th quarter
  • user verification certificate based on the results of all conducted tests.

Logistical qualification tests

 From the beginning of May to the end of September 2013, German Defence Force maintenance personnel verify how to maintain and repair the AIFV Puma at Technical School for Land Systems and Army Technical College for Technology in Aachen. Main elements of the logistical training and trailing program include among others:

  • Comprehensive theoretical and practical understanding of maintenance activities and testing of special tools (as described in the interactive electronic technical documentation) as well as conducting practical maintenance on level 2 and 3
  • Understanding of exchangeability of components, electronic devices and subsystems (i.e. running gear, engine, fuel system, protection components, primary and secondary weapon systems)

Tactical qualification tests

 Tactical qualification trials have begun in the end of May 2013 and are expected to be concluded until mid of August 2013. The tests with a single vehicle as well as a platoon (4 vehicles) are conducted by the Bundeswehr Armour Corps in Munster and include among others the following activities:

  • Handling of the system when crew is mounted and dismounted, when moving, during artillery fights, during high angle fire exchanges and duels
  • Collaboration of mounted and dismounted crew of a platoon (also combined with MBT)
  • Handling of radio and command and control system including German BMS
  • Handling of all optical and optronical systems for detection, identification as well as during en-gagement and understanding of hatch concept




25th July 2012


Qualification Trial Period for AIFV PUMA Extended Until September 2013


The German Bundeswehr and PSM GmbH formally agreed on the 11th of July 2012 a contract reduction from 405 to 350 AIFV PUMA - as a consequence of the realignment of the German Bundeswehr. Part of the agreement forms an extension of the qualification trial period until 30th of September 2013.


The cold climate trials in sub polar Norway have been successfully completed in April this year. The two Test AIFV PUMA have returned to Germany and are currently being prepared for the next round of extensive qualification trials.


The great challenges of the extreme cold climatic conditions on humans and material have jointly been very well managed by the Bundeswehr test team and PSM technical support team. Opportunities to further optimise the vehicle system have been identified and the required changes are now being implemented in the series production.


The next phase of qualification trials includes testing a range of functionalities which will mainly take place at various Technical Centres of the German Bundeswehr, tactical and logistical in service trials and hot climate trials which will take place overseas.





19th March 2012


AIFV PUMA demonstrates its Accuracy and Mobility under Arctic Conditions


AIFV PUMA is currently undergoing demanding qualification tests at a sub polar proving ground in Norway. Temperatures have reached below – 30° Celsius during the trials. The apparent air temperature is even lower because of the constant icy winds. The extensive Norwegian proving ground also features several shooting ranges. The trial team has many opportunities to test the handling of the AIFV PUMA on snowy and icy surfaces during the long drives to this proving ground. For instance these conditions have allowed to test and experiment with a range of spikes and their location on the AIFV PUMA tracks to optimise the handling on icy surfaces.


Various shooting trials with the main weapon system MK30-2/ABM and the secondary weapon system MG4 have taken place during the past two months. Extensive measurement series and data collection for the road handling and shooting trials take place on a nearly daily basis. The main focus of these measurement series are the effect of low temperatures on the platform system especially after cold starts. The collected data relates primarily to the temperature curve inside the AIFV PUMA in relation to the outside temperature.


These trials at very cold temperatures place high demands on the weapon system and its users. The AIFV PUMA has to demonstrate its capability under these unusual climatic conditions until early April.




09th January 2012

Two AIFV PUMA on their way to Norway


One of the requirements for the AIFV PUMA by the German Bundeswehr is its worldwide operability under nearly any climatic conditions.

The German Office of Defence Procurement and Industry have agreed that the AIFV PUMA’s climatic test for extremely cold conditions will be conducted in Norway. On the 9th of January 2012, two AIFV PUMA have been loaded on heavy transporters for their one week road trip to the Northern Arctic Circle where they will undergo qualification trials for three months.

The tests will take place under extremely low temperatures under icy and snowy conditions. These climatic trials will mainly include driving and firing tests as well as various measuring tests of the conditions within the cabin.

The German Office of Defence Procurement is leading these qualification trials supported by specialists from various Bundeswehr Technical Centres of Excellence. The German Army is also represented as user during these trials. The AIFV PUMA is supported locally by German PUMA industry.



28th April 2011


SIAM – Revolutionary Training Concept Turns into Leading Edge Applied Technology


The System Integrated Training Equipment (SIAM) for the AIFV PUMA is based on a revolutionary approach. Every operational AIFV PUMA is technically capable to be transformed into a training vehicle for the core crew after being furnished with only a few additional components.


This concept allows a successful application of the training principle ‘Train as you fight – fight as you train’ either with an individual vehicle or at platoon level with four networked AIFV PUMA. In addition, simulators for other weapon systems can be connected to this network to allow training scenarios in a realistic battlefield environment.


The training is conducted, controlled and evaluated from the LAKS cabin (mobile instruction, evaluation and control cabin).


Coordinated by PSM, the training concept was developed and implemented in parallel to the development and production of the weapon system AIFV PUMA by a team of industry experts from the companies Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmetall Landsysteme/Rheinmetall Defence Electronics. This industry team was in continuous consultation with the German Defence Procurement Agency, the Military Centre of Excellence for Information Technology and Electronics as well as relevant military units.


From the 11th until the 14th of April 2011, the System Integrated Training System underwent the Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) conducted by the German Defence Procurement Agency, Military Centre of Excellence for Information Technology and Electronics as well as Government Quality Assurance. For this purpose, two pre series AIFV PUMA and a LAKS cabin prototype were equipped and networked with the required hardware and software functionalities. Once the technical evaluation of the Factory Acceptance Test was concluded, the German user had the opportunity to conduct its first training sessions with this SIAM configuration from the 14th to the 20th of April 2011.


The factory acceptance test for this SIAM configuration was a resounding success given its revolutionary and demanding approach. These initial results and experiences will be analysed in conjunction with still developing operational requirements. Additional requirements will be incorporated into the training system in the future. The next step is the mandatory qualification test with the SIAM series version. These tests will be conducted with the significantly larger Series LAKS Cabin by the same test and evaluation team.


These initial tests have proven that the 'train as you fight' principle has been taken to a new level with the AIFV PUMA's SIAM. This leading edge training tool including the network capability with other weapon systems guarantees the effective use of the most capable and modern Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle in the world.





07th December 2010


Contractual delivery of the first two vehicles


Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) and Rheinmetall handed over on December 6th in time the first two PUMA infantry fighting vehicles to the Federal Office of Defense Technology and Procurement (BWB) in Kassel for verification tests. This marks the start for the contractual delivery of 405 ordered vehicles to the German Armed Forces. The contract with a volume of roughly € 3.1 bn was signed in July 2009. The delivery of the PUMA is a significant milestone for the most important procurement program of the German Army."This is a crucial day on the way of introducing the PUMA to the German Armed Forces. We have undergone a challenging period of research and development, pushing the limits of this technology" stated Frank Haun, CEO of KMW, and Klaus Eberhardt, CEO of Rheinmetall.


Technology of extremes: lessons learned from current operations


The development of the new infantry fighting vehicle is marked by technological extremes. It will not only be the new transport platform for the German Army but also a cutting-edge technology system. With its unique balance of tactical and strategic mobility, survivability and lethality, the PUMA gives the German Armed Forces a state-of-the-art infantry fighting vehicle systematically tailored to the current and future operational requirements of the German military both at home and abroad. The development achievement was guided by the demand to induce latest mission experience from current operations and to consequently deliver effective mission performance. To that extent this has not been realized in any other infantry fighting vehicle.
The PUMA is scheduled to undergo an intense round of testing and verification. This includes extreme summer and winter trials abroad. The complex preparations are deemed to ensure the smooth introduction of the system to the German Army.


PUMA sets the new standard – maximum protection for the crew, fire power, mobility and networked operations


No comparable vehicle provides its crew with such a high level of protection from typical conflict zone threats such as landmines, rocket propelled grenades and improvised explosive devices. Well-protected yet light enough to airlift, the PUMA's modularity and expandability make it the perfect tool for international conflict management. The PUMA, whose main armament and ammunition had to be modified to match the altered threat spectrum, represents the ultimate in lethality and survivability.
Today, more than thirty years after Germany first fielded the MARDER, the PUMA is poised to significantly expand the Bundeswehr's capabilities spectrum, providing it with an entirely new category of tactical vehicle. In any international comparison, the PUMA clearly represents the cutting edge in contemporary armoured vehicle technology.




10th August 2010


Series Production for PUMA in full swing


The production of the AIFV PUMA is by now in full swing. The delivery of the first PUMA vehicles to the German Bundeswehr later this year is on time. The welding of the chassis and turrets has started months ago. The production and integration of the first modules is currently taking place at the production facilities of the various subcontractors. Already, first modules are being integrated at the production facilities of the two parents KMW and RLS. Also, the production of PUMA vehicles for delivery in 2011 is under way.

 The first PUMA vehicles will undergo further qualification and operational trials (individual vehicle and as platoon) as per the contractual agreement under the responsibility of the German Defence Procurement Office. Therefore, the first PUMA vehicles will be delivered to the German Defence Procurement office and not to the German Armoured Corps. Furthermore, overseas climate trials (hot & cold) will be conducted for the entire platform system. The final delivery of the 405 PUMA vehicles for the German Bundeswehr will be in 2020.

 The integrated acquisition strategy for the AIFV PUMA was jointly developed and agreed by the German Defence Procurement Office, PUMA Industry and the User, the German Armoured Corps. This includes in addition to the delivery of the PUMA vehicles the logistic support and training packages. The training courses for the user and maintenance personnel will be delivered before the Armoured Corps receives their first PUMA vehicle.



03rd July 2009

German Defence Procurement Office Signs Contract for Series Production of 405 PUMA Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicles for Bundeswehr


On the 3rd of July 2009, the German Defence Procurement Office and PSM GmbH, Kassel, have signed the contract for the series production of 405 Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicles including the Integrated Logistic Support and Training Packages.

 This signature follows the approval of the series production by the Federal Budget Committee of the German Parliament on the 17th of June 2009. The contract has a value of approximately EURO 3 billion. PSM, a joint venture company (equal 50% share) of Rheinmetall AG and Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, has been contracted by the German Defence Procurement Office to supply and support the new generation Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle PUMA. The delivery of the first series PUMA is scheduled in 2010 and the final delivery in 2020.

 Five pre-series vehicles have already been delivered in 2007. These five vehicles have since been used for a number of qualification and optimisation tests conducted by several Bundeswehr Technical Test Centres (Centres of Excellence) and practical trials at the Bundeswehr Armour School in Munster.

 PUMA marks the beginning of a new generation of Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicles. PUMA’s leading edge technology and design combines highest protection and fire power with maximum mobility and modularity including growth potential for future technologies in one platform. PUMA provides the soldiers in today’s and tomorrow’s battlefields with maximum protection, lethal firepower and mobility.




30th March 2009


Bundeswehr Conducts Trial and Qualification Tests on AIFV PUMA


Two pre-series PUMA vehicles have been tested and trialled at the German Army Training Centre Armour Corps over a seven week period from the 9th of February until the 27th of March 2009. The PUMA has fulfilled all expectations at the Trials as part of the ongoing Qualification Tests.

The purpose of these Trials as part of the ongoing Qualification Tests was to provide the German user with the opportunity to experience the PUMA first hand, gain experience with the worldwide most advanced AIFV weapon technology and finalise the configuration for the series production.

The trial began with a two week instruction course for the soldiers, which was conducted by industry experts. This course included a theoretical part explaining the technology and capabilities of PUMA and a practical part in which the soldiers operated routine tasks in the field.

During the remaining 5 weeks extensive practical performance tests were conducted. These tests were mainly carried out against performance criteria for the Main Battle Tank LEOPARD 2 and AIFV MARDER. These tests provided valuable information about critical criteria of the outstanding weapon system’s operational capabilities. The tests took place at day and night as well as in all weathers.

The trials focused on the effectiveness of the weapon system in an operational environment, the handling of the platform as an integrated entity as well as the integration with the Soldier of the Future System (IdZ-ES).

The Trials concluded with live firing tests at day (static and dynamic) and night (static only).

These Trials were assisted by members of the Bundeswehr Technical Centres for ‘Automotive and Armoured Vehicles’, ‘Weapons and Ammunition’ and ‘Information Technology and Electronics’. Representatives of industry ensured that the vehicles were prepared and functional for each test.


The Trials as part of the ongoing Qualification Tests have been very successful; especially the performance of the stabilised weapon system has convinced all participants. Optimisation measures have been identified for other areas such as the handling of the system.

 The next steps in the PUMA program of the German Bundeswehr are to finalise the configuration for the series production, use the practical experiences for the definition of PUMA’s role of operation and define the training modules.

The next Trials and Qualification Tests will focus on PUMA’s performance under various climatic conditions and under operational conditions. The first PUMA series vehicles will be provided for these tests.




06th March 2009


AIFV PUMA Celebrated At German Bundeswehr Armour School


Serving soldiers (generals, officers and sergeant of all classes) and former members of the Bundeswehr Armour Corps and also representatives of German Defence Industry have had their first hands-on encounter with two pre series PUMA vehicles at a Symposium at the German Bundeswehr Armour School on the 5th and 6th of March 2009.

 The participants of the Symposium had the unique opportunity to personally inspect the PUMA and inform themselves about its capabilities. Members of the Bundeswehr Armour School Training Centre were on hand to explain the leading edge AIFV technology to the knowledgeable audience. Industry supported the Bundeswehr PUMA Team in answering technically detailed questions.

 It was especially welcomed by the participants of the Symposium that the presentation of the PUMA pre series vehicles was combined with the presentation of the new Soldier of the Future Technology. These two leading edge technologies will form the cornerstone of future German Army capabilities.




19th December 2008


PUMA enhances lethality with additional Missile Weapon System SPIKE


On the 19th of December 2008, PSM and the German Ministry of Defence have signed another contract to further enhance the capabilities of the Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV) PUMA. 

 PUMA receives an additional weapon system with the integration of the Anti Armour/Multi-Purpose Missile System SPIKE, provided by EUROSPIKE. The integration of SPIKE boosts the PUMA’s lethality significantly.

 The launcher for the two missiles with multipurpose high lethality war heads will be mounted on the turret of the PUMA. 

 The SPIKE missile system is fully integrated in the control and command system of the PUMA. The image provided by SPIKE’s electro-optical guidance system is trans-mitted via a fibre-optic cable data link to the command and information system oper-ated by the PUMA crew. This seamless integration allows the PUMA crew to operate, guide and control the SPIKE System by using the control and command system of the PUMA.

 The integration of SPIKE enhances the fighting capability of the PUMA significantly and allows the PUMA to fight enemy targets as well as helicopters and threats behind enemy lines even more effectively.

 SPIKE can either be operated autonomously or manually. The latter function allows the PUMA crew to change, for example, the target of the missiles when the situation demands it.

 This latest contract to further strengthen the lethality of the PUMA is another important milestone to provide the German Bundeswehr with the most modern and flexible, most lethal and unrivalled protected Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle.






30th November 2008


Significant Progress at the Integrated Demonstration and Qualification Trials for the Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle PUMA


Industry and the Procurement Office of the German Bundeswehr have finalised a comprehensive and detailed program for the Integrated Demonstration and Qualification Trials for the PUMA. The trials will be conducted using all to-date manufactured PUMA pre-series vehicles and additional the demonstrator vehicles. The Integrated Demonstration and Qualification Trials will be conducted jointly by technical experts from Industry, the Technical Centres of the German Bundeswehr and, if required, the User. The following capabilities and requirements will be tested at the subsequent Bundeswehr Technical Centres:


Bundeswehr Technical Centre for Automotive and Armoured Vehicles (WTD 41) in Trier

  • Road Behaviour;
  • Performance;
  • Roadworthiness; and
  • Ergonomic Behaviour.

Bundeswehr Technical Centre for InformationTechnology and Electronics (WTD 81) in Greding

  • Electro-Magnetic Effects;
  • Integrity of Software;
  • IT Security; and
  • Fire Control Technology.

Bundeswehr Technical Centre for Weapons and Ammunition (WTD 91) in Meppen

  • Functionality of Turret and Weapon Systems;
  • Stationary and Mobile Firing Tests;
  • Functionality and Qualification of MUSS; and
  • Qualification of Armouring.

Bundeswehr Research Institute for Protective Technologies and NBC Protection (WIS) in Munster

  • NBC Protection; and
  • Fire Protection.

Bundeswehr Technical Centre for Protective and Special Technologies (WTD 52) in Oberjettenberg

  • Signature Reduction; and
  • Camouflage.

Bundeswehr Testing Centre in Unterluess

  • Air Conditioning.

The purpose of this project phase is to ascertain and test the functionalities and performance requirements and define potential improvements. Potential new solutions will also become part of these integrated demonstration and qualification test.

 The high degree of maturity of the complex platform PUMA to this date was only achievable through the very close cooperation of all involved parties.




30th April 2008


Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle PUMA – Integration of Battlefield Management System


On the 24th of April 2008, PSM signed a contract with the German Defence Procurement Office for the integration of the German Army’s Battlefield Management System (supplied by EADS) into the PUMA. This integration of the Battlefield Management System ensures that the PUMA has network enabled capabilities. The open interface of the PUMA allows the integration of any future Battlefield Management System of any Defence Force.